Catasto Leopoldino

Catasto Leopoldino

The Leopoldino Land Registry was promulgated in 1765 in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany by Pietro Leopoldo.

In the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, in the years of the Lorraine Regency of Francis I, the discussion on the remaking of the cadastre was introduced in 1763, coinciding with the opening of the discussion in this area at European level. In 1765, after the arrival of the new Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo on the Tuscan throne, the matter was resumed in conjunction with the communication reform which included the reform of the community in addition to the cadastre remake. The idea of a general cadastre was definitively abandoned in 1785.

Leopold’s reform

The reform, which included the remaking of the land register was due to the more general recovery of the internal political life of the European states at the time of the conclusion of the Seven Years War (1756-1763), which had left a financial crisis for which it was necessary to redefine and repair constitutional problems. The new structure of the community created by the Grand Duke and a group of philophysiocratic officials, had as its objective for its functioning a reorganization of the tax system, but also a control over how many they owned and for what value. According to the reform, only the owners of property could be part of the local judiciary, and with offices whose prestige and power was due to the established patrimony. In addition to the higher rights, the landowners should have assumed even greater duties in the political and financial management of the communities, and in covering the tax burdens, through the elimination of exemptions or past privileges.